Historical Foundations of American Constitutionalism
David Hopp




The Lessons of History

Athens and the Origin of Political Rights

Marsiglio of Padua and the Defensor Pacis

Links to Texts and Maps

Marsiglio of Padua and the Defensor Pacis

The Will of the People

  • Prolegomena
  • Characterizing the Middle Ages
  • A Few Good Generalizations
  • A Very Garden of Delights
  • The Absence of Their Princes
  • Republican Governments
  • Territorial Control
  • Conflict, Internal and External
  • The Popolo, The Signorie and the End of Republican Government
  • Church and State in the Late Middle Ages
  • The Church Become the State-Church
  • Political Answers to Political Problems
  • Two Sovereign States
  • The Quarrel Begins with a Dress Rehearsal
  • Defensor Pacis
  • The Will of the People
  • Law and Coercive Force
  • The Ruler is a Human Being
  • The Source of Authority
  • The Efficient Cause of the Ruler
  • The People, The Sovereigns
  • An Intrusive State
  • A Single State
  • Conclusions
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updated 24jun2011